HAPUR-PILKHUWA
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History

A Historical Background

HAPUR, a town of British India in the Meerut district of the United Provinces, 18 m. S. of Meerut. Pop. (1901) 57,796. It is said to have been founded in the 10th century, and was granted by Sindhia to his French general Perron at the end of the 18th century. Several fine groves surround the town, but the wall and ditch have fallen out of repair, and only the names of the five gates remain. Considerable trade is carried on in sugar, grain, cotton, timber, bamboos and brass utensils.

On the basis Jana-Shrutis, it has been found that Hapur was founded by Raja Harishchandra Another Lok-shruti says that Hapur was founded by Daron Ke Sardar, Hardatta, in 983. After this Hapur was called Haripur. It is also said that Hapur came from the word 'Hapar' which means garden. In 19th century a French Army chief appointed by 'Pairaan' started the custom of giving away grants to retired soldiers.

This British used this place in the customary fashion for a lot of years, during which the Land was cleared of forest bushes and distributed among retired people. It was this place which later on became famous as Hapur. In 1805, Hapur's Tehasildar Ibrehim Ali successfully repulsed the attack by Khan Pindari and his 400 supporters. In 1857, Validad Khan of Malagarh made a plan to attack Hapur but the Jats of Bhadona successfully repulsed the attack.

At this time, Hapur was surrounded by a wall on all the sides and had five gates, namely, Delhi, Meerut, Garhmukteshwar, Kothi and Sikandra. But now nothing remains of these gate except.

In 1670, Jama Masjid was built under Auranzeb's rule. In 1872, the municipality was established, and in 1932 Hapur's electrication was done. As a result of this community services developed. It was only as a result of electricity supply that various developmental activities could be achieved.

People of nearby region started coming to Hapur and Pilukhuwa in greater number because of development in trade and business. Because of rural people coming to town in large numbers and due to lack of proper development in this region the unbalanced growth took place.

There are four SILOs in India i.e. Calcutta, Madras, Bombay and Hapur. It has a capacity to store 20 lakh tonnes of wheat. It is the only of its kind in Asia. The grain elevator-erected at Hapur was received from U.S.A. Storage and issuing of grains is done here by machines only as the entire facility is fully mechanized. The SILO is a pride of Hapur city. Indian Grain Storage and Research Institute is located nearby, which is a government of India undertaking. It has been conducting research in the area of grain storage from which the local farmers have benefited.